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建筑物防雷装置检测方法

2021-04-13 10:14:20

随着我国国民经济的迅速发展,各种高层建筑物越来越多,雷电灾害也时有发生。为把雷电灾害减少到低程度,我们必须增强湖北防雷工程防意识。其中,建筑物防雷装置检测尤其值得我们重视。

1.检测对象及检测部位

1.1 JIESHANQIXIANCHANGJIANCHAJIESHANQIDECAILIAO、GUIGE、FANGFUCUOSHIJIXIUSHIQINGKUANG,CHAKANANZHUANGSHIFOUCHUIZHI,HANJIESHIFOULAOGU,YOUWUZHEDUAN、RONGHUAXIANXIANG。JIANCHAJIESHANQIYUYINXIAXIANDELIANJIESHIFOUKEKAOYIJIFENLIUQINGKUANG。DUIYUDANZHIHUODUOZHIBILEIZHEN,YINGYONGGUNQIUFAQUEDINGQIBAOHUFANWEI,QUEDINGSHIFOUNENGQIDAOBAOHUJIAN(GOU)ZHUWUDEZUOYONG。

1.1.1 JIANZHUWUJIESHANQIDUIYULOUFANGDENGJIANZHUWUDEBILEIWANGHUOBILEIDAI,YUANGANGZHIJINGYINGDAYUDENGYU8mm,BIANGANGJIEMIANJIDAYUDENGYU48m㎡,HOUDUDAYUDENGYU4mm.XIANCHANGJIANCESHIYONGTIECHUIHUOQIANZIDENGYINGQIDUIWANGDAIZUOSHIDANGDEQIAODA。CHAKANSHIFOUYOUKAIHANHEWANCHENGZHIJIAOHUOXIAOYUZHIJIAODENGFUSHEBUHELIDEDIFANG。

1.1.2 SHUITAJIESHANQIYAOQIULIYONGSHUITADINGBUZHOUWEITIEZHALANLAIBAOHUJIESHANQIHUOFUSHEHUANXINGBILEIDAIBIANYUAN,TADINGZHONGXINANZHUANGBILEIZHENYIZHI。KEYITONGGUOGAOBEIWANGYUANJINGLAIGUANCHAJIESHANQIDEZHUANGKUANG。

1.1.3 YANCONGJIESHANQILIYONGANZHUANGZAIYANCONGDINGBUDEBILEIZHENHUOHUANXINGBILEIDAIZUOWEIBAOHU,DUOGENBILEIZHENYINGYONGBILEIDAILIANJIECHENGBIHEHUAN。

1.2 YINXIAXIAN

XIANCHANGJIANCHAYINXIAXIANSHIFOUCHUIZHI、LAOGU,SHIFOUZUNXUNDUANLUJINGYUANZE;JIANCHAYINXIAXIANCAILIAOZHIJINGJIJIEMIANJISHIFOUFUHEGUIDINGYAOQIU;YINXIAXIANDEBUSHESHIFOUHELI,YINGSHIJIANZHUWUCHURUKOU、RENXINGDAOZHIJIANJULICAIQUBAOHUCUOSHI,QIJULIBIXUDAYUDENGYU3.0m;JIANCHADUANJIEKASHIFOUXIUSHI、JIECHUBULIANG。YIZAIJUDI1.8mCHUSHEZHIDUANJIEKA;JIANCHAJUDIMIAN1.5mYIXIASHIFOUSHEZHILEFEIJINSHUFANGHUTAOGUAN;JIANCHAYINXIAXIANSHIFOUBIANXINGHEWANLANCHUSHIFOUYOUZHIJIAO、RUIJIAOWAN;JIANCHASHIFOUYOUDUANLIE、JIXIESUNSHANG、YANZHONGXIUSHIDENGZHUANGKUANG,DANGJIEMIANXIUSHIDAYUDENGYUt/3SHIYINGYUGENGHUAN;JIANCHAYINXIAXIANYUJIESHANQI、JIEDIZHUANGZHIHANJIESHIFOULAOGUKEKAO,HANDIANYOUWULIEFENGDENG;YINXIAXIANDEBUSHEYINGBAOKUO:NENGFOUYINQILEIDIANFANJIHELEIDIANDIANCIMAICHONGGANRAO,FUJINSHIFOUYOUQITASHEBEIYINXIAN、SHIFOUYOUJIAOCHAHUOPINGXINGDIANQIXIANLU,RUYOUYINGCAIQUCUOSHI;YINXIAXIANDEGUODIANYASHIFOUFUHEYAOQIU,SHIFOUYOUCHUANGUOLINSHIJIANZHUWUQINGKUANGHESHIFOUBIANYUJIANCHADENG。DUIYUGAODUXIAOYUDENGYU40.0mDESHUITA,KEYILIYONGTIETIWEIYINXIAXIAN;GAODUDAYU40.0mSHI,YINGLINGJIASHEYIGENYINXIAXIANHUOLIYONGZHIZHUNEIZHUGANGJINZUOWEIYINXIAXIAN。DUIYUGAODUXIAOYUDENGYU40.0mDEYANCONG,KELIYONGTIEFUTIZUOYINXIAXIAN;GAODUDAYU40.0mSHI,YINGLINGJIAZHUANGYIGENYINXIAXIANHUOLIYONGZHIZHUHUOZHIZUONEIZHUGANGJINZUOYINXIAXIAN。

1.3 JIEDIZHUANGZHI JIEDIZHUANGZHIDEFANGDIANJIANCEYISHIJICELIANGJIEDIGONGPINDIANZUZHIWEIZHUYAOBIAOZHI。JIEDIZHUANGZHIZHUYAOJIANCHAANZHUANGWEIZHI、SHENDU、GUIGE、FANGFU、CHONGJIJIEDIDIANZUDENG,BINGYAOCHAYUEJIJIANDANGANZHONGFANGLEISHEJITUZHIDEJIEDIZHUANGZHICAILIAO、GUIGE、BUZHIDENGSHIFOUSHEJIHELI。

DUIYUSHUITA、YANCONGDENGGOUZHUWU。YOUYUQIFANGLEIZHUANGZHIJUNBAOLUZAIWAIMIAN,TONGCHANGKEYITONGGUOGAOBEIWANGYUANJINGJINXINGBILEIZHEN、YINXIAXIANDEXIANCHANGGUANCHA,KEJISHIFAXIANYINHUAN。BIYAOSHI,JIANCEYUANYAODENGDAOGAOCHUJINXINGSHIDIJIANCHAHECELIANG。

JIANCESHIYINGDUOXUANZEJIGEDIANJINXINGCELIANG,RANHOUTONGGUOQIUPINGJUNDEFANGFAQUEDINGGAIDIANDEJIEDIDIANZUZHI。RUGUOCESHICHUDEGONGPINJIEDIDIANZUJUNHEGEDEHUA,KEYIBUYONGZAICESHIGAICHUDETURANGDIANZULV,YEBUBIJISUANCHUCHONGJIDIANZUZHI。

2.检测前的准备以及检测程序

2.1 JIANCEQIANDEZHUNBEI

2.1.1 JIANCEJIHUA YOUXIANCHANGJIANCEJISHUFUZERENZHIDING,BINGYISHUMIANFANGSHITONGZHISHIGONGFANG、JIANSHEFANG,SHIGONGDAOZAINEIXIEBUFEN、NEIXIEHUANJIESHI,SHIGONGFANGBIXUTONGZHIJIANCEZHANJISHIJINXINGJIANCE,ZUOHAOYUANSHIJILUZILIAO。

2.1.2 XIANGMUSHUXI JISHUFUZERENZUZHIXIANGGUANJIANCERENYUANSHUXIJIANCEXIANGMUDEJISHUSHUOMING,ZHEIBUFENSHISHUXIDEZHONGDIAN,SHIYIXIANGBIJIAOXIZHIDEGONGZUO,JIANCERENYUANBIXULEJIEXIANGGUANGUOJIABIAOZHUNDUIGEGEJIANCEXIANGMUDEQIANGZHIXINGZHIBIAOYAOQIU。

2.1.3 ZERENLUOSHI XIANGMUDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDESHIGONG,YOUTUJIANSHIGONGFANGZAIFUZE,GENJUCHENGSHISHOUXIN、ZUNJISHOUFAYUANZE,ANZHAOJIANCEXIEYIYUEDING,JIANCEDANWEIJUTILUOSHIJIANCERENYUANGONGZUOZHIZE,BAOZHENGZHENGGEJIANCEGUOCHENG、JIANCEZILIAODEWANZHENGXING,FANGLEIZHUANGZHIFUHEGUOJIABIAOZHUNDEJISHUYAOQIU。

2.1.4 JIANCEJILUBIAOGEZHUNBEI XIANGGUANJIANCEJILUBIAOGEZHUNBEI,GENJUXINJIANJIANZHUWUDEJUTIQINGKUANG,ZHUNBEIYITAOCONGJICHUCESHIKAISHIDAOGONGCHENGJUNGONGZHIDEWANZHENGJIANCEBIAOGE,BINGZHIDINGZHUANRENBAOGUAN。

2.2 JIANCECHENGXU

2.2.1 QIANQIZHUNBEIJIEDUAN ①JIESHOUJIANCERENWU,LEJIEBEIJIANDANWEIDEQINGKUANG。ZHEISHIYIJIANBIYAODEQIANQIZHUNBEIGONGZUO,SHIZHIDINGJIANCEFANGAN、QIANDINGXIEYI、JIANCESHISHIDENGHOUXUGONGZUODEPUDIAN,ZHISHAOYINGLEJIEQIDAGAIQINGKUANG,RUJUTIGANSUKUAI3、GUIMO、XINGZHI、TURANGLEIXING、JIANCECHANGSUOHUANJINGDENG。②ZHIDINGJIANCEFANGAN。FANGANYAOJINLIANGDINGDEXIYIXIE。③QIANDINGJIANCEXIEYIHUOHETONG,YEKEYISHIWEITUOSHUXINGSHI。④PEIBEIRENYUAN。GENJUBEIJIANDANWEIDEXINGZHI、XINGYETEDIAN,PEIBEIJUYOUXIANGYINGZHUANYETEZHANGDEJIANCEJISHURENYUAN。⑤ZHANGWOXIANGGUANZHISHI。LEJIEHEZHANGWOYUBEIJIANDANWEIYOUGUANDEZHUANYEZHISHIJIXIANGGUANDEGUIFAN、GUIDING,BAOKUOGUOJIABIAOZHUNGUIFAN、XINGYEGUIFAN、DIFANGBIAOZHUNYIJIYOUGUANDEANQUANCHENGXU、CAOZUOGUICHENGDENG。⑥ZHUNBEIYIQI。BUTONGDESHEBEI、SHESHISUOXUDEJIANCESHEBEIYEBUTONG,GENJUJIANCEDUIXIANG,ZHUNBEIBINGJIANCHAJIANCEZHU、BEIYONGYIQISHEBEI,BAOZHENGQIZAIJIANDINGHEGEYOUXIAOSHIYONGQINEIBINGNENGZHENGCHANGSHIYONG。

2.2.2 现场检测阶段 ①到达受检单位,主动向被检单位出示有关证件。②查阅本次检测对象的防雷工程技术资料和图纸,了解并记录受检单体的重要性、使用性质和发生雷电事故的可能后果,确定其防雷类别、防雷区划分和应检测项目。③巡视受检单体及周边环境,根据所使用仪器的测试原理和要求,合理布置接地电阻测试仪辅助桩位并连线,再次检查仪器设备,记录接地电阻测试仪型号名称及检测辅助桩位。④进行现场检测并记录数据。根据确定的检测项目,按先检测外部防雷装置,后检测内部防雷装置的顺序,由检测人员对建(构)筑物、设施的防雷装置的观感质量进行巡视检查,并对相关技术参数进行测量,同时进行接地电阻或过渡电阻测试点取样并绘制测点平面示意图,对测点进行标注和编号后进行接地电阻、过渡电阻等测量,测量结果—读数经复核无误后按要求记入相应的原始记录表。⑤复核、确认并签字。现场检测完毕,对仪器设备再次进行检查,确认其正常,由测试取样者、测试者、记录者对原始记录进行校对和复核后,在指定的主检与复核处签字。同时对现场检测当场发现并能确定的防雷装置缺陷进行汇总,形成存在问题通知书交受检单位现场负责人,由受检单位现场负责人对检测结果进行确认后在指定处签字。

2.2.3 FENXICHULIJIEDUAN ①ZHENGLIJIANCESHUJU,CHUJUXIANGGUANJIANCEWENSHU。DUIJIANCEYUANSHIJILUBIAOZHONGDESHUJUJINXINGJISUAN、ZHENGLIHECHULIHOU,GENJUXIANGYINGDEJISHUBIAOZHUNJINXINGPANDING,DUIXINQUEDINGDECUNZAIDEWENTIBIANZHIBINGCHUJUCUNZAIWENTITONGZHISHU;DUIYUDINGQIJIANCEHUOJUNGONGJIANCECHUJUJIANCEBAOGAO;DUIYUZHENGGAIHOUJINXINGDEFUJIAN,BIANZHIBINGCHUJUFUJIANYIJIANSHU。②SHENHE、QIANFAXIANGGUANJIANCEWENSHUBINGGAIZHANG。③DENGJI、FASONGXIANGGUANJIANCEWENSHU,BINGJIANLIDANGAN。

2.2.4 服务评价和跟踪回访 ①在被检单位领取检测报告等文书时,请被检单位填写防雷检测工作作风、服务质量评价表,收回评价表并建立台帐档案。②检测机构管理人员通过甘肃快3或上门了解或邀请召开座谈的形式,按不低于30%的比例对检测活动进行服务跟踪回访。

3.检测方法和注意事项

JIANCEFANGFA:BAOKUOCHAYUEZILIAO、JIANCHAGUANGANZHILIANG、CELIANGJISHUCANSHUJIFENXICHULI。

3.1 CHAYUEZILIAOZHICHAYUESHEJITUZHI、YINBIGONGCHENGJILUJIJUNGONGTUDENGXIANGGUANZILIAO。

3.2 JIANCHAGUANGANZHILIANGZHIDUIGEZHONGFANGLEIZHUANGZHIJICUOSHIDEWAILUBUFENGUANGANZHILIANGJINXINGJIANCHABINGJILUHEPANDUANQISHIFOUFUHEYAOQIUDEGUOCHENG。

3.3 CELIANGJISHUCANSHUZHIYUNYONGGEZHONGYIQI、YIBIAOSHEBEIDUIFANGLEIZHUANGZHIGEZHONGJISHUCANSHUJINXINGCELIANG、DUSHU、JILU。

3.4 FENXICHULIZHIDUIGEZHONGJISHUCANSHUDECELIANGSHUJUJINXINGJISUANFENXICHULIBINGPANDUANQISHIFOUFUHEYAOQIUDEGUOCHENG。

以上就是湖北天地雷电科技对宜昌防雷的知识分享了,之后会接着给大家分享关于防电、防电检测以及防电工程等方面的专业知识,喜欢的可以多多关注我们!

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